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Anti-Muslim Bias Incidents in the Third Quarter of 2017

In its third quarter data update on anti-Muslim bias incidents in 2017, the Council on American-Islamic Relations has documented that the overall number of anti-Muslim bias incidents is down as compared to the second quarter. However, bias incidents as a whole have risen 9 percent in the first three quarters of 2017 as compared to the first three quarters of 2016. The number of hate crimes within the year have remained relatively steady. 

9 Percent Increase in Bias Incidents in 2017 Over 2016
2016 -- Q1-Q3  >> 1525
2017 -- Q1-Q3  >> 1656

There have been 354 bias incidents in the third quarter as compared to the 451 recorded in the second quarter of the year. CAIR documented 851 incidents from January through March. This increase in the first quarter can likely be attributed to the Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States Executive Order, also known as the "Muslim Ban."

Bias incidents are defined as cases in which there was an identifiable element of religious discrimination. Hate crimes, which involve physical violence or property damage, are the most frequent type of bias incident documented by CAIR in the third quarter, comprising 17 percent of the total. The second most common type of bias incidents have been those of harassment, defined as a non-violent or non-threatening incident such as verbal abuse.

The third most frequent type have been cases involving employment. These incidents can include denial of work, being passed over for promotion or harassment by a supervisor or other senior staff. Instances involving Customs and Border Protection are the fourth most common. Episodes in which the complainant has been questioned by FBI employees or otherwise appears to have been inappropriately targeted by the agency round out the top five categories.

5 Most Frequent Types of Abuse
Hate Crimes >> 61
Harassment >> 53
Employment >> 44
Customs and Border Protection >> 40
FBI >> 36

The most prevalent trigger of anti-Muslim bias incidents in 2017 remains the victim's ethnicity or national origin, accounting for 32 percent of the total. A Muslim woman’s headscarf has been a trigger in 18 percent of incidents. Fourteen percent of incidents have occurred as a result of an individual being perceived as Muslim.

The report dataset is drawn primarily from the intakes CAIR conducts each year. With each case, civil rights and legal staff seek to ensure the highest possible level of accuracy.

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